Setting Up a Minecraft Survival Server

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Prerequisites:

  • A computer with at least 4GB of RAM (more is preferable for better performance) and a recent version of Java installed.
  • A stable internet connection.
  • Basic understanding of your computer’s network settings (for configuring network and firewall rules).

Steps:

  1. Download the Minecraft Server Software:
  • Visit the official Minecraft website (minecraft.net) and download the Minecraft server software. Choose the version that matches the Minecraft version you wish to play.
  1. Prepare the Server Folder:
  • Create a new folder on your computer where you will store all the server files. You can name it something like “Minecraft_Server”.
  1. Move the Downloaded File:
  • Move the downloaded server .jar file into the newly created folder.
  1. Run the Server for the First Time:
  • Open a command prompt (CMD) or terminal window in the folder containing the server .jar file.
  • Run the server .jar file using the following command:
  • java -Xmx2048M -Xms2048M -jar server_file_name.jar nogui
  • Replace server_file_name.jar with the actual name of the server file you downloaded.
  • Adjust the -Xmx2048M -Xms2048M part to increase the amount of RAM allocated to the server if your computer has more RAM available.
  1. Agree to the EULA:
  • After running for the first time, a file named eula.txt will be created. Open it and change eula=false to eula=true to agree to Mojang’s End User License Agreement.
  1. Run the Server Again:
  • Execute the same command in your command prompt or terminal to start the server again.
  1. Configure Your Network:
  • To allow external connections, you’ll need to configure port forwarding on your router. Forward TCP port 25565 to the computer running the server.
  • Ensure your firewall allows incoming connections on port 25565.
  1. Connecting to Your Server:
  • The server setup is complete! Connect to your server using the host computer’s IP address (if playing locally) or your external IP address (for players outside your local network).
  • You can find your external IP address by searching “What is my IP address” in a web browser.

Safety and Privacy Measures:

  • Whitelist: Activate the whitelist in the server.properties file to allow only specified players to join your server. Enable it by setting whitelist=true and then use the command /whitelist add playername in the server console to add players.
  • Server Settings: You can adjust various settings in the server.properties file, such as game mode, difficulty, and whether PvP (player vs. player combat) is allowed.

This setup provides a basic, private Minecraft server for you and your child to play on together. Remember, running a server on your home network may expose your network to risks, so ensure you understand the implications and configure network settings securely.

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